Building on the remarkable results and good practices with high potential for sustainability, scaling up of the SWEDD will benefit millions of girls and young women in the Sahel region and beyond, until 2023.
Abidjan, 3 February 2020 – The ambitious and innovative project – the Sahel Women’s Empowerment and Demographic Dividend – SWEDD, aims to accelerate the demographic transition by creating the conditions for a demographic dividend. A three-day workshop on Strategic Reflection and Phase 2 of the SWEDD project, (SWEDD 2) begins on Monday, 3 February 2020, at the Palm Club Hotel in Abidjan, under the auspices of Professor Mariétou Koné, Minister of Solidarity, Social Cohesion and Fight against Poverty of Côte d’Ivoire.
The workshop brings together 70 participants from nine West and Central African countries, technical and financial partners. The workshop aims at drawing lessons from the operationalization of Phase 1 of the SWEDD project (SWEDD 1), to inform and enrich the phase 2 (SWEDD 2).
Between November 2015 and December 2019, the first phase of the project (SWEDD 1) was implemented in Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger. SWEDD intervenes in areas and territories with multiple vulnerabilities, among others, high rate of child marriage, early pregnancies and girls’ school dropout. These countries have implemented programs for adolescent girls, aged 10-19 and women, improving life skills and sexual and reproductive health knowledge; keeping girls in school, and increasing economic opportunities.
Religious and traditional leaders promote community dialogue in support of girls’ secondary education, women’s social and economic empowerment, birth spacing; and against child marriage, early pregnancy and female genital mutilation. Boys and men are engaged through community-based interventions for women’s empowerment. The project contributes to eliminating systemic bottlenecks in health service delivery and developing a policy agenda that places demography and gender at the center of growth.
The regional initiative, built on a model of country ownership, emphasizes “faire-faire” and relies on national expertise. It is a partnership model where countries have full ownership of their resources and collaborate with national academic institutions by partnering with local institutions and structures for the implementation of certain programs.
SWEDD has become a platform for policymakers, religious and other opinion leaders to address issues considered sensitive in the region.
With financial support from the World Bank and joint technical support from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the West African Health Organization for an initial four-year period, SWEDD member countries have made substantial progress. Despite the diversity of their needs, countries appreciated the technical assistance model implemented and coordinated by UNFPA. This assistance has made it possible to promote exchanges of experience, pooling of skills and sub-regional integration.
Between 2015 and 2019 (SWEDD 1), the key indicators in the project member countries showed a positive trend in areas centered on girls’ education, adolescent fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, the child dependency ratio and the raising of the age of marriage. The success of the initiative has been emulated and has convinced new countries, Cameroon, Guinea Conakry, Madagascar, Senegal, the Gambia and Togo to join the project. Applications for admission are being considered. The remarkable results also facilitated the extension of the closing date for the six pioneer countries until 2023.
The net enrolment rate of girls in primary and secondary school
The average net primary and secondary school enrolment ratio in the SWEDD countries between 2015 and 2019 increased from 62.83% to 70.17% and from 19% to 28.4% respectively. These results highlight the important contribution of SWEDD to girls’ education in its intervention zone. Indeed, the school retention rate of adolescent girls enrolled in secondary schools in the project intervention zones is 93.43% against 70% in 2015.
Total fertility rate (TFR)
The average number of children per woman in SWEDD countries is declining. It has fallen from 6.2 to 5.5 in 4 years (2015-2019). After Niger, Chad, which had the highest index (7.1) above the regional average, is now around 5.6, roughly equal to the regional average.
The modern contraceptive prevalence rate
As for the modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR), it has experienced a positive trend from 2015 (9) to 2019 (17.5). Chad, Mauritania, and Mali, which had the lowest rates of 2; 5; and 7 respectively, are now at 7; 19 and 16.
Adolescent fertility rate
The average adolescent fertility rate declined by 2.83 points between 2015 (141.83) and 2019 (139).
The average age at marriage
The average age at marriage in the SWEDD countries increased slightly from 17.15 (2015) to 17.33 (2019).
Maternal mortality rate
The average maternal mortality rate in SWEDD countries has increased from 606 in 2015 to 558 in 2019.
Prevalence of malnutrition: Delayed growth
The average prevalence of malnutrition in SWEDD intervention areas increased from 33 to 29.5.
Dependent child ratio
The dependency rate for dependent children has decreased significantly between 2015 (89.4%) and 2019 (86%).
• The regional media campaign reached more than 300 million people through television, radio and social networks. It also mobilized celebrities and artists from the six countries and beyond.
• 3,372 safe spaces for girls that are functional and offer an integrated package of services (education, literacy, skills development, health services including family planning, vocational training, and support for economic initiatives) to empower 116,247 out-of-school, non-schooled adolescents, girls, and young women.
• More than 100,000 girls in the project countries benefited from schooling interventions (food aid, scholarships, transportation, family support). In Mali, for example, this intervention increased the access rate of targeted girls to secondary schools by 30 percent and reduced the dropout rate in the intervention areas by 51 points, going from 53 percent before the SWEDD project to 2 percent with the project’s interventions. In Côte d’Ivoire, 934 safe school spaces contributed to keeping nearly 20,000 girls in school.
• 1,719 husbands’ clubs and clubs for future husbands set up for the benefit of more than 24,000 boys and men (13,127 men and 10,995 boys) and implementing a gender transformation program thus helping to reduce violence against women, to increase the number of prenatal visits and the sharing of household chores.
• In Chad, women’s economic groups received capital, training, and equipment to increase their income. Girls are being trained for jobs usually held by men, such as plumbing, electricity and auto mechanics.
• In Niger, 1,500 young women entrepreneurs are being trained in traditional and non-traditional trades.
• In Mauritania, 100 micro-enterprises benefiting 1,200 young women participating in safe spaces activities are being set up in the 4 regions of the SWEDD project.
• In Mali, the project has pursued the initiative to recruit and deploy 105 midwives in rural areas and to set up private midwifery practices. These initiatives resulted in an 8% increase in the national number of midwives inactivity and a 17% increase in the number of midwives in the SWEDD intervention areas over two years. These two initiatives have contributed to an increase in the number of new users of modern family planning methods estimated at 19,000 in 2019.
• The project has led to the availability of reproductive health commodities at the last mile in all countries.
• The project continued the training of three master’s degrees in nursing and obstetrics sciences and its support to midwifery training schools with a focus on rural areas (i.e., outside the capital), internship sites, and clinical mentoring of midwives.
• The SWEDD has contributed to strengthening the participation of opinion leaders (especially religious and traditional leaders) through the provision of funding for the implementation of sensitization activities, but also through their involvement in the implementation process of sub-projects in favor of girls and women.
• Through its partnership with CREFAT-CREG, the project has continued the National Transfer Account and Demographic training, the production of profiles on the Demographic Dividend (DD) and the operationalization of DD observatories, the strengthening of national capacities on DD and the monitoring of the Demographic Dividend Monitoring Index and its integration into national development plans.
- Céline Adotevi, SWEDD Regional Technical Secretariat at the UNFPA Regional Office for West and Central Africa: [email protected]
- Xavier Effoué, Communication Service of the Ministry of Solidarity, Social Cohesion and the Fight against Poverty of Côte d’Ivoire: [email protected]
- Jordan Sera, UNFPA Côte d’Ivoire Country Office: [email protected]
Written by: UNFPA West and Central Africa (Dakar)
Published on 03-02-2020 in allafrica.com