Mauritania is characterized by rapid population growth, with a population growth rate of 2.4% per year, a total fertility rate of 4.6 children per woman, and contraceptive prevalence of 10% in 2011 for modern methods.
The imbalance between population growth and economic growth has led to greater poverty by limiting the ability of the government and households to provide, on the one hand, the necessary resources to satisfy basic needs (health, education, food, housing, drinking water, etc.) and, on the other hand, to improve the productivity of households and companies. This explains why the Strategic Framework for the Fight against Poverty (CSLPIII) has opted for a strategy for controlling fertility. The Declaration of National Population Policy (DPNP) also made the same decision, and the National Health Development Plan (PNDS) 2012-2020 recommends the inclusion of demographic variables in development plans, fertility control, and the promotion of modern methods of contraception.
Family Planning (FP), through the spacing of births, then appeared as the appropriate strategy for improving the indicators of socio-economic development in Mauritania (reducing maternal mortality and child-adolescent mortality, greater investment in the education of children, improvement in GDP per capita, etc.). It is with this aim in mind that Mauritania set itself the goal of improving its provision of family planning (FP) services.